Plasma boron concentrations and risk of all-cause mortality in the general population


Paula Stürmer, Katharina Susanne Weber, Eike Andreas Strathmann, Wolfgang Lieb




European journal of nutrition




PURPOSE: Higher dietary intake or higher circulating levels of the trace element boron have been associated with beneficial effects on human health. However, the relationship between plasma boron levels and survival in the general population is not known. Therefore, we aimed to assess the association between plasma boron concentrations and all-cause mortality in a population-based cohort from northern Germany (n = 863 individuals; median age 62.3 years, 42.8% women). METHODS: Plasma boron concentrations (median 31.9 µg/L [22.9; 43.5]) were measured by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for relevant confounders were used to associate plasma boron concentrations with all-cause mortality. RESULTS: After a median follow-up time of 11 years, n = 99 individuals had died. In the overall sample, plasma boron concentrations were associated with all-cause mortality in the crude model (HR: 1.07 [95% CI 1.03-1.11] per 5-unit-increment). However, multivariable adjustment rendered the association non-significant (HR: 1.03 [95% CI 0.99-1.07]). Sex-stratified analyses revealed slightly higher mortality hazards with increasing plasma boron concentrations in women (HR: 1.11 [95% CI 1.03-1.18], p(Interaction) = 0.034), but not in men (HR: 1.00 [95% CI 0.95-1.06]). CONCLUSION: We conclude that in a moderate-sized sample from the general population, higher plasma boron concentrations were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality in women, but not in men. Due to the low number of events in the female subsample (n = 27), this observation has to be interpreted with caution.